The Nokian tyres Hakkapeliitta is a pioneer in tyre technology and safety
The Nokian Tyres Hakkapeliitta’s 80-year journey for better winter tyre technology has included hundreds of innovations and incredible world records. Nokian Tyres is the world’s northernmost winter tyre manufacturer, whose winter tyres bring safety to challenging winter conditions everywhere.
The world’s first winter tyre, the Kelirengas, was invented in Finland in 1934, and the grooved tread helped trucks take on the winter conditions. The revolutionary invention eliminated the need for snow chains for keeping the vehicle on the road. The winter tyre proved to be such a great invention that Suomen Gummitehdas, the company known today as Nokian Tyres, also developed the first winter tyre for passenger cars in 1936.
The new tyre was called the “Lumi-Hakkapeliitta” (Snow Hakkapeliitta), and it paved the way for the future of the Nokian Tyres Hakkapeliitta winter tyres. The tyre was named after the legendary Finnish cavalrymen, the Hakkapeliittas.
International acclaim at the Monte Carlo
In the 1950s, the roads were ploughed because of the increased traffic volumes, which made the road surfaces smooth and icy. The attempts to improve the grip of winter tyres included rubber linings equipped with metal sleeves, tread compounds with ceramic pieces and various metallic skid stoppers attached to the tread.
In 1961, the company finally made a breakthrough by combining the Hakkapeliitta winter tyre, the Kometa stud and the studded tyre patent owned by rubber technician Veikko Ryhönen. The invention combined the ice grip of the hard metal stud and the snow grip of the tyre itself.
The excellent grip of the studded tyres attracted world-class interest at the legendary Monte Carlo rallies in the 1950s and 1960s. In particular, the Kometa-Hakkapeliitta studded tyre dominated the snowy and icy mountain roads. The innovation quickly gained international fame.
In the 1970s, the company produced a non-studded winter tyre alongside the studded Nokian Tyres Hakkapeliitta. It was a quieter alternative to its big brother. Its grip properties were based on the strong, siped tread pattern and an innovative rubber compound.
The Nokian tyres Hakkapeliittas are tailored for the demanding winter conditions
Uncompromising development efforts have enabled Nokian Tyres to grow internationally and promote the use of winter tyres around the world. After the Second World War, the production volume of the Nokian Hakkapeliitta tyres was 20,000 units but, today, we estimate that more than 700 million winter tyres help drivers reach their destination safely under winter conditions. The adoption of winter tyre legislation in Europe has increased the number of winter tyres.
In addition to the Nordic countries, the Nokian Tyres Hakkapeliitta winter tyres are being used in the rest of Europe, North America, Russia and wherever drivers face demanding conditions during the winter months.
The best winter tyres and a forward-looking approach
The Nokian Tyres Hakkapeliitta product family includes studded and non-studded winter tyres for passenger cars, vans and SUVs. The latter is the fastest growing product segment in the tyre market. The company has also developed specialised products for trucks, wheel loaders and tractors.
The studded Nokian Tyres Hakkapeliitta 8 was released in 2013, and its state-of-the-art tyre technology combined safety with driving comfort. The new stud technology offered reduced fuel consumption and a softer road contact, which were greeted with open arms. 2013 also put the Hakkapeliitta 8 to the test under extreme conditions when Nokian Tyres’ test driver set the incredible world record for the fastest car on ice at 335.713 km/h.
Two years later, in 2015, Nokian Tyres released the world’s first winter tyre with the best class A fuel efficiency rating according to the EU tyre label – the Nokian Tyres Hakkapeliitta R2. The size 155/70R19 84Q of the modern non-studded tyre is especially designed for BMW’s i3 electric cars. The non-studded tyre represents the tyre technology of the future, which enables high performance and safe, economic driving in the demanding Nordic winter conditions.
Hakkapeliitta – Hakkaa päälle!
There are several stories about the history of the name Hakkapeliitta. The Finnish cavalrymen who served in the Swedish military in the 17th century were called the Hakkapeliittas. When charging forward, the cavalrymen would shout their legendary battle cry “Hakkaa päälle!” (Cut them down!). Similarly, the Nokian Hakkapeliitta winter tyre has battled the challenging road conditions for more than 80 years.
Important events in the Nokian Hakkapeliitta winter tyres’ journey:
1934 “Kelirengas”, the first winter tyre in the world.
1936 The legendary Hakkapeliitta winter tyre is born.
1961 The first winter tyre designed for studding, the Kometa-Hakkapeliitta.
1986 Dedicated Testing Center in Ivalo, Finnish Lapland, north of the Arctic Circle.
1995 Nokian Tyres Eco Stud System.
2013 New generation of Hakkapeliitta winter tyres. The studded Nokian Hakkapeliitta 8 and non-studded Nokian Tyres Hakkapeliitta R2.
2013 Fastest on ice. New world record for the fastest car on ice, 335.71 km/h (208.60 mph) set with the Nokian Tyres Hakkapeliitta 8.
2014 The Hakkapeliitta winter tyre family grows. The studded Nokian Tyres Hakkapeliitta 8 SUV and the Nokian Tyres Hakkapeliitta C3 and Nokian Tyres Hakkapeliitta CR3 van tyres.
2014 The world’s first winter tyre with pop-out studs. The Nokian Tyres Hakkapeliitta concept tyre.
2014 The new Nokian Tyres Hakkapeliitta R2 – The world’s first winter tyre for electric cars with a class A rolling resistance rating.
2015 The Nokian Tyres Hakkapeliitta R2. The world’s most energy-efficient winter tyre. The Tire Technology of the Year 2016 award.
2016 80th anniversary of the Nokian Tyres Hakkapeliitta. Born, raised and tested in the north.
Juha Pirhonen, Director, Technology Projects, Nokian Tyres, tel. +358 10 401 7708, [email protected]
Matti Morri, Technical Customer Service Manager, Nokian Tyres, tel. +358 10 401 7621, [email protected]
Nokian Tyres’ innovations
The Nokian Tyres Hakkapeliitta R2 – State-of-the-art green winter tyre technology for electric cars
Photos related to the Tire Technology of the Year 2016 award and Hakkapeliitta R2 product photos:
Nokian Tyres – The world’s first AA class winter tyre
Nokian Tyres Hakkapeliitta 80 years:
The tale of the snow and ice champion
Over 80 years since the invention of the winter tyre:
Nokian Kelirengas mastered safe turns in snowy weather
This is how the winter tyre has changed
How was the world's first winter tyre invented?
Over 80 years of Nokian winter tyres
Smart traffic technology and bio-based materials:
Nokian Tyres Hakkapeliitta in 2036
The Nokian Tyres Hakkapeliitta winter tyres combine inventiveness, experience and state-of-the-art technology